Everyday Political Economy of Plural Policing

stack of papers

Our publications are detailed below, listed by year. Please click on the relevant year to view the corresponding publications.

2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013
  2012 2011 2010 2009  2008 2007 2006 2005


  • Pieter Leloup & Marc Cools (2021) (Post-)crisis policing, public health and private security: the COVID-19 pandemic and the private security sector, Policing and Society, DOI: 10.1080/10439463.2021.1970159 


  • Ayos, E (co-authorship with Tatiana Jack). In press. Crime control, control of social policy: Insecurity, policies and work in Argentina of neoliberal reconstruction. In: The dispute over well-being in Latin America in times of neoliberal siege, CLACSO. Buenos Aires.

  • Ayos, E (In co-authorship with Jésica Pla). Well-being and social class. The social inequality in comparative key: United Kingdom, Spain and Argentina. In the Spanish Journal of Sociology, Monographic "Social inequality in a comparative perspective: Europe and Latin America". Monographic Approved

  • Ayos, E. In Press. “Safety at the crossroads: tensions and overlaps in the fields of crime control and social policy” in Labvoratorio Journal of Studies on Structural Change and Social Inequality No. 30, Faculty of Social Sciences, UBA. 

  • Bradley, T. (2020) ‘Professionalising Private Security Through Mandatory Training’, International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, Advanced online publication, 24 Jan 2020 -

  • Fraser, M. (in press) Police as Ploughmen: Neville Chamberlain’s success in 1917. History Today

  • Hirschmann, Nathalie (proceeding): Policing Diversity in Germany and its Consequences for Professional Development. In: ”New perspectives in post-translational policing studies“.

  • Holley, C. Phelan, L. Shearing, C. Eds. 2020. Criminology and Climate: Insurance, Finance and the Regulation of Harmscapes. London: Routledge.

  • Hübschle, A. & Shearing, C. Forthcoming. Conservation, the Illegal Wildlife Trade and Local Communities. Routledge.

  • John, Tobias, Hirschmann, Nathalie (proceeding): Polizeiliches Handeln im Kontext pluralen Polizierens – Erkenntnissen aus dem Forschungsprojekt PluS-i“. In: Sammelband Polizeiforschung für die Reihe „Forschung und Entwicklung in der Strafrechtspflege“, Hrsg.: Andreas Ruch, Daniela Hunold, Springer Verlag.

  • Leloup, P. (2020/forthcoming). De ontwikkeling van de private bewakingssector in België (1907-1990): een historisch-criminologisch perspectief op transities in de veiligheidszorg. Den Haag: Boom Uitgevers.

  • Moreira, S., & Cardoso, C. (2020). Why Young People Obey Private Security Guards? A Scenario-Based Study. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 36 (1), 144–160.

  • Pepper, M. Bullock, K. McCarthy, D. 2020. Exploring the Role and Contribution of Police Support Volunteers in an English Constabulary. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice. paaa005.

  • Saarikkomäki, Elsa & Alvesalo-Kuusi, Anne (2020). Ethnic Minority Youths’ Encounters With Private Security Guards: Unwelcome in the City Space. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 36(1), 128–143.

  • Shearing, C. & P. Stenning (Forthcoming). Global Developments in Policing Provision in the 21st Century. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice 

  • Vigh, Henrik, and David Sausdal. In press, 2020: “Global crime ethnographies: Three suggestions for a criminology that truly travels”. In Oxford University Handbook of Ethnographies of Crime and Criminal Justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press


  • Amicelle, A. Côté-Boucher, K. Dupont, B. Mulone, M. Shearing, C. Tanner, S. Eds. 2019. The Policing of Flows: Challenging Contemporary Criminology. London: Routledge.

  • Bradley, T. (2019) ‘Plural policing should come at a cost’, Newsroom, 15 November 2019 -

  • Bright, D. A. Whelan, C. 2019. ‘On the relationship between goals, membership and network design in multi-agency fusion centres’. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, 42 (3), pp. 441-454.

  • Callender, M., Pepper, M., Cahalin, K. Britton, I. 2019. ‘Exploring the Police Support Volunteer Experience: Findings from a National Survey'. Policing and Society: An International Journal of Research and Policy,  29 (4), pp. 392-406
  • Churchill D. 2019. History, periodization and the character of contemporary crime control. Criminology & Criminal Justice. 19 (4), pp. 475-492.
  • Diphoorn, Tessa. 2019. ‘Arms for Mobility’: Policing Partnerships and Material Exchanges. Policing and Society (online first)
  • Diphoorn, Tessa and Erella Grassiani, eds. 2019. Security Blurs. The Politics of Plural Security Provision. London: Routledge.
  • Dupont, B., Whelan, C. Manning, P. eds. 2019. Policing across organisational boundaries: developments in theory and practice. London: Routledge.
  • Ellis (2019) Renegotiating police legitimacy through amateur video and social media: lessons from the police excessive force at the 2013 Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras parade, Current Issues in Criminal Justice 31(3), pp. 412-432
  • Fraser, M. 2019. Policing the Home Front, 1914-1918: The control of the British population at war. Abingdon and New York: Routledge. Part of the Routledge Series in First World War History.
  • Fraser, M. 2019. The corrupting effects of the cinema. Journal of the Police History Society. 33, pp. 49-50
  • Hübschle, Annette, 2019: Fluid interfaces between flows of rhino horn. In: A. Amicelle, et al. (eds.), The Policing of Flows: Challenging Contemporary Criminology. London: Routledge.
  • Jaffe, Rivke and Tessa Diphoorn. 2019. Old Boys and Badmen: Private Security in (Post)Colonial Jamaica. Interventions 21(7): 909-927.
  • Jahnsen, S., Rykkja, L.H. and Westerberg, A.I. (forthcoming). Police reform - Sweden and Norway compared
  • Jahnsen, S. and Rykkja, L.H. (accepted). Coordinating against Work-related Crime in Norway. International Public Management Review
  • Jahnsen, S. (in press). Understanding Scandinavian approaches to Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs. In: A. Bain and M. Lauchs (Eds.). Understanding Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs. Palgrave-MacMillan
  • Jones, T., Steden, R. van & Boutellier, H. 2009. ‘Pluralisation of policing in England & Wales and the Netherlands: exploring similarity and difference’. Policing & Society, 19 (3), pp. 282-299
  • Leloup, P. (2019). A historical perspective on crime control and private security : a Belgian case study. POLICING & SOCIETY, 29(5), 551–565.
  • Lopes, Cleber da Silva & Moraes, Caio Cardoso. Statutory Regulation of the Security Industry Under Pressure: The Brazilian case. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, v. 1, p. 1-17, 2019.
  • Molnar, A., Whelan, C. Boyle, P. 2019. ‘Securing the Brisbane 2014 G20 in the wake of the Toronto 2010 G20: ‘failure-inspired’ learning in public order policing’. British Journal of Criminology, 59 (1), pp. 107-125.
  • O’Neill, M. (2019) Police Community Support Officers: Cultures and identities in pluralised policing, Clarendon Series in Criminology, Oxford: University of Oxford Press.
  • Pali, B. Schuilenburg, M. 2019. Fear and Fantasy in the Smart City. Critical Criminology. An International Journal. (DOI: 10.1007/s10612-019-09447-7)
  • Porcedda, M.G. Wall, D. S. 2019. Cascade and Chain Effects in Big Data Cybercrime: Lessons from the TalkTalk hack. In: Proceedings of 2019 IEEE European Symposium on Security and Privacy Workshops (EuroS&PW). (ISBN 978-1-7281-3026-2)
  • Rowe, M. & Søgaard, T.F. 2019. ‘Playing the man, not the ball’: targeting organised criminals, intelligence and the problems with pulling levers. Policing and Society. (DOI:
  • Sausdal, David. 2019. "Policing at a distance and that human thing." Focaal, (85), 51-64.

  • Sausdal, David. 2019. "Terrorizing police: Revisiting ‘the policing of terrorism’from the perspective of Danish police detectives." European Journal of Criminology. .

  • Sausdal, David, and Henrik Vigh. 2019. "Anthropological criminology 2.0: Ethnographies of global crime and criminalization." Focaal, (85), 1-14.

  • Steden, R. van & Mehlbaum, S. 2019. ‘Police volunteers in the Netherlands: a study on policy and practice’. Policing & Society, 29 (4), pp. 420-433.
  • Stenström, A. (2019), ‘The Limits of the De-centred State: The Case of Policing Insurance Claims Fraud’, British Journal of Sociology, 70/1: 339–355.
  • Whelan, C. Bright, D. (2019, forthcoming). ‘Exploring the relational properties of networked intelligence systems’. In: Hufnagel, S. and Moiseienko, A. (eds.) Policing transnational crime: law enforcement of criminal flows. London: Routledge.
  • Whelan, C. Harkin, D. 2019. ‘Civilianising specialist units: Reflections on the policing of cyber-crime’. Criminology and Criminal Justice. (
  • Whelan, C. Molnar, A. 2019. ‘Policing political mega-events through ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ tactics: Reflections on local and organisational tensions in public order policing’, Policing and Society, 29 (1), pp. 85-99.
  • White, A. 2019. Soldier, Contractor, Trauma: The Governance of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in the Private Military Labour Market. Illness, Crisis, and Loss, 27 (4), pp. 274-292. 


  • Ayos, E (in co-authorship with Pilar Fiuza) 2018. “(Re) defining the security issue: tensions and openings in the problematizations around a ‘democratic security’ in the period 2000-2015”. Crime and Society Magazine, National University of the Coast.
  • Berg, J. and Shearing, C. 2018. Governing-through-harm and public goods policing.ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 679 (1), pp. 72-85. 
  • Da Silva Lopes, Cleber. Policing Labor: The Power of Private Security Guards to Search Workers in Brazil. Crime Law and Social Change, v. 70, pp. 1-20, 2018.
  • De Koster, M., & Leloup, P. (2018). Policer le port d’Anvers : contrôles policiers publics et privés, entre complémentarité et rivalité, fin XIXe-début XXe siècle. In A. Conchon, L.
  • Fili, A., Jahnsen, S. Powel, R. 2018. Criminal justice research in an era of mass mobility. London: Routledge
  • Holley, C. Shearing, C. Eds. 2018. Criminology and the Anthropocene. London: Routledge
  • Hübschle, A., with Shearing, C. 2018. Ending Wildlife Trafficking: Local Communities as Change Agents. Geneva: Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime. 1-48.
  • Jahnsen, S. 2018. In search of bad characters: Banning and banishing outlaw motorcycle gangs. In: H.O. Gundhus, K.V. Rønn and N. Fyfe (Eds.). Moral issues in Intelligence-led policing. London: Routledge
  • Jahnsen, S. 2018. The condom as evidence and the condom as a crowbar. In: T. Sanders and M. Laing (Eds.). Policing the Sex Industry: Protection, Paternalism and Politics. New York: Routledge
  • Jahnsen, S. Skilbrei, M-L. 2018. Leaving no stone unturned: The borders and orders of transnational prostitution. British Journal of Criminology, 58 (2), pp. 255-272
  • Jahnsen, S. Slettevåg, K. 2018. Crimmigration statistics: numbers as evidence and problem. In: A. Fili, S. Jahnsen and R. Powel (Eds.). Criminal justice research in an era of mass mobility. London: Routledge
  • József Bacsárdi, László Christián: A stepchild of the Hungarian law enforcement system? Function and public image of the Hungarian local governmental law enforcement organizations. In: Gorazd MEŠKO, Branko LOBNIKAR, Kaja Prislan, Rok Hacin (szerk.) Criminal justice and security in Central and Eastern Europe. From Common Sense to Evidence-based Policy-making. International Conference, University of Maribor Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security (25-27. September, 2018.) University of Maribor Press, Maribor, 146-157.
  • László, C. Andrej, S. 2018. Private Security Regulation in Hungary and Slovenia – Comparative Study Based on Legislation and Societal Foundations. Journal of Criminal Justice and Security. (ISSN 2232-2981). (
  • Loader, I. White, A. 2018. Valour for Money? Contested Commodification in the Market for Security. British Journal of Criminology, 58 (6), pp. 1401-1419.  
  • Mahesh, N. László, C. 2018. Citizens’ Views of Private Security Guards in Hungary: A Preliminary Analysis. Magyar Rendészet. 18 (4), pp. 147-156
  • Montel, & C. Regnard (Eds.), Policer les mobilités : Europe - États-Unis, XVIIIe-XXIe siècle (Vol. 3, pp. 103–128). Paris: Éditions de la Sorbonne.
  • O’Reilly (2018) ‘Branding Rio de Janeiro’s Pacification Model: A Silver Bullet for the Planet of Slums?’ in C. O’Reilly (ed.) Colonial Policing and the Transnational Legacy: The Global Dynamics of Policing Across the Lusophone Community (Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2018)
  • Saarikkomäki, Elsa (2018). Young people’s conceptions of trust and confidence in the crime control system: Differences between public and private policing. Criminology & Criminal Justice, 18, 156–172.

  • Sausdal, David. 2018 "Everyday deficiencies of police surveillance: a quotidian approach to surveillance studies." Policing and Society. DOI: 10.1080/10439463.2018.1557659

  • Sausdal, David. 2018. "Pleasures of policing: An additional analysis of xenophobia." Theoretical criminology 22.2: 226-242.

  • Søgaard, T.F. Houborg, E. 2018. Plural policing webs: unveiling the various forms of partnering and knowledge exchange in the production of nightlife territoriality. In: Gundhus, H.O.I., Fyfe, N., Rønn, K.V. (Ed.). Moral Issues in Intelligence-Led Policing, pp. 185-203. (Routledge Frontiers of Criminal Justice).
  • Steden, R. van. 2018. ‘Street Pastors: on security, care and faith’. European Journal of Criminology, 15 (4). pp. 403-420.
  • Stenning, P. & C. Shearing. 2018.  Governing plural policing provision: legal perspectives, challenges and ideas. In Den Boer, M. Ed. Comparative Policing from a Legal Perspective. Cheltenham, U.K/Northampton, Mass.: Edward Elgar Publishing. Ch. 2, pp. 45-62
  • Stenström, A. (2018), ‘The Private Policing of Insurance Claims Fraud: Power, Profit and Private Justice’, British Journal of Criminology, 58: 478–496.
  • Wall, S.D. 2018. How Big Data Feeds Big Crime. Current History. 117 (795), pp.29-34. Available at SSRN: 
  • Whelan, C. Molnar, A. 2018. Securing mega-events: networks, strategies, tensions. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • White, A. 2018. What is the Privatization of Policing?. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, (
  • White, A. 2018. Beyond Iraq: The Socioeconomic Trajectories of Private Military Veterans. Armed Forces & Society, 44 (3), pp. 387-407.
  • White, A. 2018. Mercenarism, norms and market exchange: Reassembling the private military labour market. International Sociology, 33 (4), pp. 523-540.
  • White, .A. Hayat, I. 2018. From ‘what works?’ to ‘who am I?’: Existential research in the extended policing family. European Journal of Policing Studies, 5 (3), pp. 91-106.  
  • White, A. 2018. Private Military Contractors: A Criminological Approach. In Wadham B & Goldsmith A (Ed.), Criminologies of the Military (pp. 81-94). Hart.  
  • White, A. 2018. Just Another Industry? (De)Regulation, Public Expectations and Private Security, The Private Sector and Criminal Justice (pp. 65-96). Palgrave Macmillan. 


  • Baker, D., S. Bronitt & P. Stenning. 2017. Policing protest, security and freedom: the 2014 G20 experience. Police Practice and Research: An International Journal, 18 (5): pp 425-458
  • Bradley, T. (2017) ‘Plural policing in New Zealand’, in Sarre, R. and Deckert, A. (Eds.) The Palgrave Handbook of Australian and New Zealand Criminology, Crime and Justice, Cham: Switzerland.
  • Bradley, T (2017) 'Raising the bar: Professionalism and service delivery standards within New Zealand’s contract private security industry', Security Journal, Vol 30 (2), pp. 349–366.
  • Churchill, D. 2017. Crime Control and Everyday Life in the Victorian City: The Police and the Public. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Colona, Francesco and Tessa Diphoorn. 2017. “Eyes, Ears, and Wheels”: Policing Partnerships in Nairobi, Kenya. Conflict and Society 3: 8-23.
  • Diphoorn, Tessa. 2017. Moonlighting: Crossing the public-private policing divide in Durban, South Africa. In: Beek, Jan, Göpfert, Mirco, Owen, Olly, and Jonny Steinberg (eds.) Police in Africa: The Street Level View. London: Hurst Publishers, pp.135-148.
  • Dupont, B., Manning, P., Whelan, C. 2017. ‘Introduction for special issue policing across organisational boundaries: developments in theory and practice’, Policing and Society, 27(6), pp. 583-585
  • Harrington, C. Shearing, C. 2017. Security in the Anthropocene: Reflections on Safety and Care. Bielefeld: Transcript.
  • Hassenteufel, P., Maillard, J. 2017. Recourse to Markets as a Political Process: healthcare and Police Reforms During the British Coalition Government. Gouvernement et action publique. 6 (4), pp. 101-126
  • Hübschle, A. 2017. Contested Illegality: Processing the Trade Prohibition of Rhino Horn. In: Beckert, J. & Dewey, M. Eds. The Architecture of Illegal Markets. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Jahnsen, S. and Wagenaar, H. 2017. Assessing European prostitution policies. New York: Routledge
  • László, C. 2017. The role of complementary law enforcement institutions in Hungary. Efficient synergy in the field of complementary law enforcement - a new approach. Public security and public order. (18). pp. 132-139. (ISSN 2029/1701 ISSN 2335/2035).
  • László, C. 2017. Overview of law enforcement in Hungary, with special respect to local level law enforcement. Magyar Rendészet. 2017/4. pp. 143-156 (
  • Loader, I. White, A. 2017. How can we better align private security with the public interest? Towards a civilizing model of regulation. Regulation and Governance, 11(2), pp. 166-184.  
  • Maillard, J. de, Mouhanna, C. 2017. France. Governing metropolises : the false pretences of metropolisation. In : E. Devroe, A. Edwards, P. Ponsaers (eds), Policing European Metropolises. The politics of security in city-regions, Abington, Routledge.  pp. 77-94.
  • Maillard, J. Zagrodzki, M. 2017. Styles of Policing and Legitimacy. The Issue of Stop and Search. Droit et Société. 97 (3), pp. 485-501
  • Maillard, J. de, Zagrodzki, M. 2017. Plural policing in Paris. Variations and pitfalls of cooperation between national and municipal police forces. Policing & Society, 27 (1),  pp. 53-64.
  • O'Neill, M. (2017/2015) ‘Police community support officers in England: a dramaturgical analysis’, Policing and Society: An International Journal of Research and Policy, 27:1, 21-39, first published online 25 March 2015 as doi:10.1080/10439463.2015.1020805.
  • O’Shea, L. 2017. Who Do We Want to Coerce?: Security Sector Reform and State BuildingInternational Security Sector. March 2017. [Online]. Available from:
  • Pepper, M. and Silvestri, M. 2017. ‘”It’s Like Another Family Innit”: Building Police–Youth Relations through the Metropolitan Police Service Volunteer Police Cadet Programme’ Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice 11 (1): pp. 1-13
  • Puck, L. 2017. “Uneasy Partners Against Crime: The Ambivalent Relationship Between the Police and the Private Security Industry in Mexico.” Latin American Politics and Society, 59 (1), pp. 74-95.
  • Saarikkomäki, Elsa (2017). Trust in Public and Private Policing: Young People’s Encounters with the Police and Private Security Guards. Research Report 3, Helsinki: University of Helsinki, Institute of Criminology and Legal Policy.
  • Søgaard, T.F, Houborg, E., Pedersen, M.M. 2017. Drug policing assemblages: Repressive drug policies and the zonal banning of drug users in Denmark’s club land. International Journal of Drug Policy, 41, pp. 118-125.
  • Steden, R. van. 2017. ‘Municipal law enforcers: towards a new system of local policing in the Netherlands?’ Policing & Society, 27 (1), pp. 40-53.
  • Wall, S.D. 2017. Crime, Security and Information Communication Technologies: The Changing Cybersecurity Threat Landscape and Its Implications for Regulation and Policing. In: Brownsword, R. Scotford, E. Yeung (Eds). The Oxford Handbook on the Law and Regulation of Technology. Oxford: Oxford University press.
  • Whelan, C. and Molnar, A. 2017. ‘Managing flows during mega-events: taking account of internal and external flows in public order policing operations’, Global Crime, 18 (3), pp. 176-197.
  • Whelan, C. and Dupont, B. 2017. ‘Taking stock of networks across the security field’, Policing and Society, 27 (6), pp. 671-687.
  • Whelan. C. 2017. ‘Security networks and occupational culture: understanding culture within and between organisations’, Policing and Society, 17 (2), pp. 113-135.
  • Whelan, C. 2017. ‘Managing dynamic security networks: towards the strategic managing of cooperation, coordination and collaboration’, Security Journal, 30 (1), pp. 310-27. 


  • Ayos, E. 2016. Responsibility, work and living conditions. Problematizations about young people in social crime prevention programs in Argentina . MAGAZINE: Spiral. State and Society Studies (ISSN: 1665-0565) University of Guadalajara. Published No. 68. 
  • Bacsárdi József, Christián László, Local governmental law enforcement in Hungary In: MEŠKO Gorazd, LOBNIKAR Branko (szerk.)Criminal justice and security in Central and Eastern Europe: safety, security, and social control in local communities: conference proceedings. 500 p. Konferencia helye, ideje: Ljubljana, Szlovénia, 2016.09.26-2016.09.27. Ljubljana: University of Maribor, 2016. pp 84-98.(ISBN:978-961-6821-57-5)
  • Bradley, T. (2016) 'Governing private security in New Zealand', Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, Vol 49 (2), pp. 159-178.

  • Churchill D. 2016. Security and visions of the criminal: technology, professional criminality and social change in Victorian and Edwardian Britain. The British Journal of Criminology. 56 (5), pp. 857-876.
  • Diphoorn, Tessa. 2016. “Surveillance of the Surveillers”: Regulation of the Private Security Industry in South Africa and Kenya. African Studies Review 59(2): 161-182.
  • Diphoorn, Tessa. 2016. Twilight Policing: Private Security and Violence in urban South Africa. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Diphoorn, Tessa. 2016. Twilight Policing: Private Security Practices in South Africa. The British Journal of Criminology 56(2): 313-331.
  • Diphoorn, Tessa and Erella Grassiani. 2016. Securitizing Capital: A Processual-Relational Approach. Theoretical Criminology 20(4): 430-335.
  • Diphoorn, Tessa and Helene Maria Kyed. 2016. Entanglements of private security and community policing in South Africa and Swaziland. African Affairs 115(461): 710-732.

  • Ellis & McGovern (2016) The end of symbiosis? Australia police-media relations in the digital age, Policing and Society, 26(8), pp. 944-962 
  • Hirschmann, Nathalie (2016): Sicherheit als professionelle Dienstleistung und Mythos. Eine soziologische Analyse der gewerblichen Sicherheit, Dissertation. Springer VS Research.
  • O’Neill, M. and Fyfe, N. (2016) ‘Plural policing in Europe: relationships and governance in contemporary security systems’ (introduction to the special issue), Policing and Society: An International Journal of Research and Policy, published online 17 August 2016 as DOI: 10.1080/10439463.2016.1220554
  • O’Shea, L. 2016. Security Sector Reform in Patrimonial and Low-Capacity StatesSSR Resource Centre. August 2016. [Online]. Available from:
  • Ruteere, M., C. Shearing & P. Stenning. 2016. Human Rights and Pluralization of Policing.  -  In Weber, L, E. Fishwick & M. Marmo. Eds. The Routledge International Handbook of Criminology and Human Rights. London/New York: Routledge. Ch. 37, pp. 396-404
  • Saarikkomäki, Elsa (2016). Perceptions of Procedural Justice among Young People: Narratives of Fair Treatment in Young People's Stories of Police and Security Guard Interventions. British Journal of Criminology, 56: 1253–1271.

  • Saarikkomäki, Elsa & Kivivuori, Janne (2016). Encounters between security guards and young people: the extent and biases of formal social control. Policing and Society, 26: 824–840.

  • Shearing, C. & P. Stenning . 2016. “The Privatization of Policing: Implications for Democracy”. In Leander, A. & R. Abrahamsen. Eds. Routledge Handbook of Private Security Studies. London/New York: Routledge.  Chapter 14, pp.140-148
  • Søgaard, T.F., Houborg, E., Tutenges, S. (2016). Nightlife Partnership Policing: (Dis)trust Building Between Bouncers and the Police in the War on Gangs. Nordic Journal of Studies in Policing, 3 (2), pp. 132-153.
  • Steden, R. van. Wood, J., Shearing, C. & Boutellier, H. (2016). ‘The many faces of nodal policing: team play and improvisation in Dutch community safety’. Security Journal, 29 (3), pp. 327-339.
  • Whelan, C. (2016). ‘Organisational culture and cultural change: a network perspective’, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 4 (4), pp. 583-599.
  • Whelan, C. (2016). ‘Informal social networks within and between organisations: on the properties of informal ties and interpersonal trust’, Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, 39 (1), pp. 145-58.
  • White, A. 2016. Private Military Contractors as Criminals/Victims, The Palgrave Handbook of Criminology and War (pp. 191-209). Palgrave Macmillan. 
  • White, A. 2016. The Market for Global Policing. In Bradford B, Jauregui B, Loader I & Steinberg J (Ed.), The Sage Handbook of Global Policing (pp. 535-551). Sage.  
  • White, A. (2016) Private Security and the Politics of Accountability. In Lister S & Rowe M (Ed.), Accountability of Policing (pp. 172-191). Routledge.  


  • Berg, J. (2015) New authorities: relating state and non-state security auspices in South African improvement districts. In: Albrecht, P. and Kyed, H. M. (eds.) Policing and the Politics of Order-making. Taylor & Francis (Routledge): Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon. ISBN 9780415743303
  • Bonnet, F., Maillard, J. de, Roché, S. 2015. “Plural policing of public places in France. Between private and local policing”, European Journal of Policing Studies, 2 (3), pp. 285-303.
  • Churchill, D. 2015. The spectacle of security: lock-picking competitions and the security industry in mid-Victorian Britain. History Workshop Journal. 80 (1), pp. 52-74.
  • Jones, T. and Lister, S. (2015) ‘The Policing of Public Space: Recent Developments in Plural Policing in England & Wales’, European Journal of Policing Studies, 2 (3), pp. 245-266.
  • László, C. 2015. Law Enforcement. In: András Varga Zs, András Patyi, Balázs Schanda (Eds). The Basic (Fundamental) Law of Hungary, A Commentary of the New Hungarian Constitution, second edition: Clarus Press Ltd. Dublin. pp. 278-288.
  • Leloup, P. (2015). The private security industry in Antwerp (1907-1934) : a historical-criminological analysis of its modus operandi and growth. CRIME, HISTOIRE & SOCIETIES, 19(2), 119–147.
  • Lister, S. and Jones, T. (2015) ‘Plural Policing and the Democratic Challenge’, in S. Lister and M. Rowe (eds) Accountability of Policing, London: Routledge. pp. 192-213
  • Lopes, Cleber da Silva. Segurança privada e direitos civis na cidade de São Paulo. Sociedade e Estado (UnB. Impresso), v. 30, pp. 651-671, 2015.
  • Maillard, J. de, Zagrodzki, M., Benazeth, V., Zaslavski, F. « Des acteurs en quête de légitimité dans la production locale de l’ordre urbain. L’exemple des inspecteurs de sécurité de la Ville de Paris », Déviance et société, 39 (3), 2015, p. 295-319.
  • Moreira, S., Cardoso, C., & Nalla, M. K. (2015). Citizen confidence in private security guards in Portugal. European Journal of Criminology, 12 (2), 208–225.
  • O’Reilly (2015) ‘The Pluralization of High Policing: Convergence and Divergence at the Public-Private Interface’, British Journal of Criminology, 55/4: 688-710
  • O’Shea, L. 2015. Informal Economic Practices within the Kyrgyz Police (Militsiya). In: Morris, J. Pleses, A. Eds. The Persistence of Informal Economic Practices in Post-Socialist Societies. London: Palgrave Macmillan
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  • Bradley, T and Sedgwick, C (2009) ‘Policing Beyond the Police: A First Cut Study of Private Security in New Zealand’, Policing and Society: an International Journal, Vol 19, No 4, pp. 468-492.

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  • Crawford, A. and Lister, S. 2006. ‘The Patchwork Shape of Reassurance Policing in England & Wales: Integrated Local Security Quilts or Frayed, Fragmented and Fragile Tangled Webs?’, in Goold, B. and Zedner, L. (eds) Crime and Security, International Library of Criminology, Criminal Justice and Penology Series, Aldershot: Ashgate.
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