- Start date: 1 April 2016
- End date: 31 March 2019
- Funder: Open Research Area (ORA) for the Social Sciences
- Primary investigator: Professor Jocelyn Evans
- Co-investigators: Professor Jocelyn Evans (School of Politics and International Studies) Paul Norman (School of Geography) Myles Gould (School of Geography)
- External co-investigators: W van der Brug (Amsterdam); K Arzheimer (Mainz); G Ivaldi (Nice)
This comparative study carried out an interdisciplinary political science, sociology and geography team to construct a multi-level analysis of four key countries (France, Germany, the Netherlands and the UK) which provide varying institutional, infrastructural, socio-economic and attitudinal contexts in which to study the phenomenon.