Dr Jairo Lugo-Ocando, Lecturer in Journalism Studies, Department of Journalism Studies,University of Sheffield and co-director of the Centre for Freedom of the Media
Harry S Truman’s 1948 speech on development made it clear that the core of the post-WWII narrative on development would be defined by the priorities of the Cold War. No place was this truer than in Latin America where the United States had seen the rise of left-wing governments which favoured nationalisation, limits to repatriation of capital and overall social reform. President John F. Kennedy (1961-1963) came to power facing the challenge of a Cuba under increasing Soviet influence and widespread insurgence around the world. As a direct consequence of this, his administration put in place a set of policies that intended to resemble to some degree the Marshall Plan in Europe – but with far less resources – and which was finally called the Alliance for Progress. This seminar looks at these policies as a case study to understand how news mediation affected and influenced the implementation of development policy and how these policies affected the way news media articulated the discourses on development in that part of the world. The seminar paper is based on research carried out thanks to a Theodore C. Sorensen Fellowship awarded to Dr Lugo-Ocando by the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum.